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Science fiction on television and in movies reaches a wide audience of young people. Some of them are avid fans of particular stories, and more are enthralled by some of the special effects and other science fiction themes that have become ever more compelling as media technology improves. It actually doesn't matter whether the physics behind the science fiction is solid, the latest in speculative theory, or absolute nonsense - all provide a backdrop against which to present solid science.
I'll talk about the opportunities provided by a few recent series and movies and how they can be woven into discussions of physics, astrophysics, or how science really works. In July , we held a workshop for 17 science fiction writers working in a variety of media at the Joint Quantum Institute at the University of Maryland, College Park.
The goal was to better inform and inspire stories making use of quantum physics, as a means of outreach to inspire a broad audience of future scientists. We will report on the contents of the workshop, reactions from the attendees and presenters, and future plans. The rationale for this study lies in the notion that to teach science effectively, educators need to understand how popular culture influences their students' perception and understanding of science.
Using naturalistic research methods in a diverse middle school we found that students who watched a popular science fiction film, The Core, had a number of misunderstandings of earth science concepts when compared to students who did not watch the movie. We found that a single viewing of a science fiction film can negatively impact student ideas regarding scientific phenomena. Specifically, we found that the film leveraged the scientific authority of the main character, coupled with scientifically correct explanations of some basic earth science , to create a series of plausible, albeit unscientific, ideas that made sense to students.
Seventy-seven contemporary realistic fiction children's books portraying a dyslexic character were published in the United States between and This study examined the texts to determine what types of issues the reading difficulty posed for the character. Texts were analyzed to determine if there was a relationship between the gender of…. Science Fiction as a Prism for Understanding Geopolitics. The concluding arguments will discuss how while this new thematic orientation A history of robots: from science fiction to surgical robotics.
Surgical robotics is an evolving field with great advances having been made over the last decade. The origin of robotics was in the science-fiction literature and from there industrial applications, and more recently commercially available, surgical robotic devices have been realized. In this review, we examine the field of robotics from its roots in literature to its development for clinical surgical use. Surgical mills and telerobotic devices are discussed, as are potential future developments.
Superhero science : from fiction to fact. At the Manchester Science Festival, a team of like-minded scientists came together to try to suss out the real-world science behind everything from Wonder Woman's lasso to the Hulk's gigantic transformation. The result is The Secret Science of Superheroes- an eclectic collection of essays. Contemporary Issues in Science. Implementation Manual.
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Contemporary Issues in Science Program CIIS is designed to provide teachers and students with the necessary tools and strategies for bringing contemporary scientific issues into the classroom. Provided in this document are discussions of the three major elements in the program, support elements, and major activities.
Major elements include the…. The unfortunate negative attitude toward physics among many students, including science majors, warrants creative approaches to teaching required physics courses. One such approach is to integrate science fiction into the curriculum, either in the form of movies or the written word. Historically this has been done since at least the s, and by now many universities and colleges have courses that incorporate science fiction stories or film.
The intent appears to be to a increase student interest in physics, b increase the imaginative grasp of the student, and c enable a clearer understanding of physics concepts. Reports on these experiments, from Freedman and Little's classic paper to more recent work like that of Dubeck et al. I was curious as to whether a combination of science fiction and science fact in the form of a science news article might enhance the benefits of including science fiction.
Below I describe how I used a science fiction story along with a science article on a related theme to pique the interest of students in a new and exciting area of research that was nevertheless connected to the course material. Science in Cinema. Many feel that secondary school graduates are not prepared to compete in a world of rapidly expanding technology. High school and college students in the United States often prefer fantasy to science.
This book offers a strategy for overcoming student apathy toward the physical sciences by harnessing the power of the cinema. In it, ten popular…. This article explores the relationship between hard science fiction and physics and a gendered culture of science. Empirical studies indicate that science fiction references might spur some students' interest in physics and help develop this interest throughout school, into a university education and even further later inspire the practice of….
Deceived by orchids: sex, science , fiction and Darwin. Between and , botanists in several countries independently resolved three problems that had mystified earlier naturalists - including Charles Darwin: how did the many species of orchid that did not produce nectar persuade insects to pollinate them? Why did some orchid flowers seem to mimic insects? And why should a native British orchid suffer 'attacks' from a bee?
Half a century after Darwin's death, these three mysteries were shown to be aspects of a phenomenon now known as pseudocopulation, whereby male insects are deceived into attempting to mate with the orchid's flowers, which mimic female insects; the males then carry the flower's pollen with them when they move on to try the next deceptive orchid. Early twentieth-century botanists were able to see what their predecessors had not because orchids along with other plants had undergone an imaginative re-creation: Darwin's science was appropriated by popular interpreters of science , including the novelist Grant Allen; then H.
Wells imagined orchids as killers inspiring a number of imitators , to produce a genre of orchid stories that reflected significant cultural shifts, not least in the presentation of female sexuality. It was only after these changes that scientists were able to see plants as equipped with agency, actively able to pursue their own, cunning reproductive strategies - and to outwit animals in the process. This paper traces the movement of a set of ideas that were created in a context that was recognizably scientific; they then became popular non- fiction , then popular fiction , and then inspired a new science , which in turn inspired a new generation of fiction writers.
Long after clear barriers between elite and popular science had supposedly been established in the early twentieth century, they remained porous because a variety of imaginative writers kept destabilizing them. The fluidity of the boundaries between makers, interpreters and publics of scientific knowledge was a highly. Science fiction films were used in required and elective nonmajor science courses as a pedagogical tool to motivate student interest in science and to reinforce critical thinking about scientific concepts.
Students watched various films and critiqued them for scientific accuracy in written assignments. Students' perception of this activity was…. This paper discusses pedagogical advantages and challenges of using science-fiction movies and television shows in an introductory science class for elementary teachers. The authors describe two instructional episodes in which scenes from the movies "Red Planet" and "The Core" were used to engage students in critiquing science as presented in…. The material co-construction of hard science fiction and physics.
Empirical studies indicate that science fiction references might spur some students' interest in physics and help develop this interest throughout school, into a university education and even further later inspire the practice of doing science. There are many kinds of fiction within the science fiction genre. Especially hard science fiction as a motivating fantasy may, however, also come with a gender bias.
The locally materialized techno-fantasies spurring dreams of the terraforming of planets like Mars and travels in time and space may not be shared by all physics students. Especially female students express a need for other concerns in science. The entanglement of physics with hard science fiction may thus help develop some students' interest in learning school physics and help create an interest for studying physics at university level.
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But research indicates that especially female students are not captured by the hard techno-fantasies to the same extent as some of their male colleagues. Other visions e. It calls for an argument of how teaching science is also teaching cultural values, ethics and concerns, which may be gendered. Teaching materials, like the use of hard science fiction in education, may not just be yet another gender bias in science education but also carrier of particular visions for scientific endeavours. This course focuses on how scientific knowledge is developed through the lens of our changing view of Mars throughout history.
Analyses of current studies of Mars are juxtaposed against historical understanding and perceptions of the planet found in scientific and popular literature of the day, as well as the movies. Many of the students who selected this seminar went on to major in science and in subsequent interviews discussed the influence of science fiction on their decision to major in science. Science fiction provided story, science , and speculation that became a rich medium for critical-thinking skills and critical literacy.
Student reflections indicated that science fiction served as a reminder of why they study science , a source for imagination, and exploration of science as a human endeavor. Based on this experience, we propose five elements for selecting science-fiction for inclusion in science classes: 1 Provides a deep description of the science content or technologies, 2 Describes science and technologies are plausible or accurate to the time period, 3 Contains a novum or plausible innovation that plays a key element in the speculation, 4 Exploration of the impact on society or humanity, and, 5 Shows science and technology as human endeavors.
PubMed Central. In The Science and Fiction of Autism , Laura Schreibman addresses a series of debates and controversies in areas ranging from diagnostic practices and etiological theories to effective clinical practices. This book provides an overview of the field of autism that is suitable for well-educated parents and new professionals in the field. Notes that African American literature has always had science fiction elements in its focus on narratives of the alienated and marginalized "other. Other libraries may find it useful as a reference tool for expanding their science fiction collections.
Emphasis is on works which deal primarily with science….
An English professor used science fiction to introduce his students to a range of questions about alternative sexualities. While a course proposal for a science fiction class being taught as a "diversity offering" with an emphasis on gender and sexual orientation was working its way through the bureaucracy at Pennsylvania State…. The purpose of this article is to show how traditional science fiction , an empowering literature of social criticism, can be used by environmental educators to reach the traditional goals of environmental education.
The sub-genres of science fiction are discussed along with ways in which they can be used to reach certain goals of environmental…. Historical concepts can be taught through analysis of science fiction. Offers a class outline with science fiction resources to examine the boundaries of historical inquiry; six themes for student investigation based on specific resources; and a bibliography of 44 additional anthologies and books. This curriculum guide contains course descriptions for minicourses and semester-long courses , outlines, and class projects for teaching science fiction and the supernatural in junior and senior high schools.
The eight course descriptions include objectives, methods, activities, and resources and materials. Lists of science fiction books and…. According to renowned physicist Stephen Hawking, " science fiction is useful both for stimulating the imagination and for diffusing fear of the future. However, if a movie's plot crosses the line between good….
Historically this has been done since at least the s, and by…. Concepts of extraterrestrial intelligence as explored in science fiction are reviewed. In particular, modern fiction based on the scenarios envisaged in SETI methodologies is described. The intention is to help make this work accessible to specialists such as the SETI and astrobiology communities.
While SF is primarily fiction and is meant to entertain, the more thoughtful of such works may serve as a bank of thought experiments to assist in the development of future SETI strategies and policies. The purposes of this collection of 15 essays on specific works of fiction for children and adolescents are threefold: to explore some of the similarities and differences in fiction for children in England and the United States; to point out some of the qualities of American literature that are of particular interest to children in England and to….
This essay identifies a genre of popular fiction for children and young adults, prevalent in the s and continuing into the early twenty-first century, that incorporates computers and the internet, e-mails and chat rooms, into its plots. However, along with a focus on technology, this fiction frequently features the supernatural. So, too,…. Faculties of Education and Science at Monash University have designed a Masters unit to assist pre-service and in-service science teachers in exploring the practices of contemporary science and examine how varied understandings can influence science communication.
Teachers are encouraged to explore their current understandings of the Nature of…. In this article, the authors describe the first Festival of Contemporary Science for Science Teachers which was held in January Focusing on a number of leading-edge science topics, this new festival was organised by Bristol ChemLabS, in collaboration with the Science Learning Centre South West, and involved academics from several departments…. Contemporary Science and Worldview-Making. This paper discusses the impact of contemporary scientific knowledge on worldviews.
The first three sections provide epistemological background for the arguments that follow. Sections 2 and 3 discuss the reliable part of science , specifically the characterization, scope and limits of the present scientific canon. Section 4 deals with the mode of…. Although fiction plays a prominent role in the interdisciplinary field of medical humanities MH , it is physically and intellectually isolated from non- fiction in academic health sciences libraries. Dissolvable tattoo sensors: from science fiction to a viable technology. Early surrealistic painting and science fiction movies have envisioned dissolvable tattoo electronic devices.
In this paper, we will review the recent advances that transform that vision into a viable technology, with extended capabilities even beyond the early vision. Specifically, we focus on the discussion of a stretchable design for tattoo sensors and degradable materials for dissolvable sensors, in the form of inorganic devices with a performance comparable to modern electronics. Integration of these two technologies as well as the future developments of bio-integrated devices is also discussed.
Many of the appealing ideas behind developments of these devices are drawn from nature and especially biological systems. Thus, bio-inspiration is believed to continue playing a key role in future devices for bio-integration and beyond. The Radium Terrors. Science Fiction and Radioactivity before the Bomb.
At the beginning of the 20th century the collective imagination was fascinated and terrified by the discovery of radium. A scientific imagery sprang up around radioactivity and was disseminated by public lectures and newspaper articles discussing the ambiguous power of this strange substance. It was claimed that radium could be used to treat cholera, typhus and tuberculosis, but at the same time there were warnings that it could be used for military purposes.
The media and the scientists themselves employed a rich vocabulary influenced by religion, alchemy and magic. The ambivalent power of radioactive elements exerted a great influence on science fiction novelists. This paper will examine some significant works published in Europe, America and Russia during the first decades of the 20th century and their role in the creation of the complex imagery of radioactivity that seized the public imagination long before the invention of the atomic bomb. James White was a Northern Irish science fiction author working in the subgenre of medical science fiction from the mids to the end of the twentieth century.
The aim of this article is to introduce White to scholars working in the medical humanities, pointing to features of interest and critiquing the more excessive utopian impulses of the author. The article covers White's Sector General series, set on a vast intergalactic hospital, as well as the author's standalone fictions.
Reviewed nine contemporary novels to examine dominant themes evident in contemporary novels involving American Indian adolescents. In contrast to earlier novels, these contemporary novels reflected greater realism toward and less stereotyping of American Indians. Most salient themes dealt with prejudice and discrimination, hopelessness…. Examines text and pictorial representations of the Inuit in juvenile reference books and in geographical and historical juvenile non- fiction works. Finds continuing prevalence of a wide range of stereotypes.
Identifies strengths and weaknesses of a variety of such representations, aided by a discussion group of Inuit people. Specifying a curriculum for biopolitical critical literacy in science teacher education: exploring roles for science fiction. In this essay I suggest some ways in which science teacher educators in Western neoliberal economies might facilitate learners' development of a critical literacy concerning the social and cultural changes signified by the concept of biopolitics. I consider how such a biopolitically inflected critical literacy might find expression in a science teacher education curriculum and suggest a number of ways of materializing such a curriculum in specific literatures, media, procedures, and assessment tasks, with particular reference to the contributions of science fiction in popular media.
This article discusses nanotechnology as a route to the production of new materials and provides a brief history of the evolution of this branch of materials science. Properties on the nanoscale are compared with those on the macroscale. The practical application of nanomaterials in industries such as communications, construction, cosmetics,…. Since nearly 30 years, many european studies have demonstrated a worrying decline of young people's interest in science and technical studies.
Despite the number of efforts and programs made to reverse the trend, there are still few signs of improvement. We must step up our efforts otherwise this will impact the long-term innovation capacities of our country. It takes advantage of the new opportunities opened by digital technology and is another way of developing interest in learning sciences.
A dialogue regarding "The material co-construction of hard science fiction and physics". The conversation interrogates some of the issues in Cathrine's paper, and brings in complementary literatures and perspectives. Mars through Giovanni Schiaparelli's eyes: between science and fiction. From the second half of the 19th century up to the first part of the 20th century the drawings of Mars by the Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli became the centre of an international controversy concerning the existence of canals and the hypothetical habitability of the red planet.
These images also generated a full impact on the popular culture of the time. This essays follows the scientific representations of Mars by Schiaparelli drawings of discs and maps from their birth in the hands of the astronomy community up to their growing old in the hands of scientific popularizers such as Camille Flammarion and science fiction writers such as Herbert George Wells. With its seas and canyons Mars turned into the ideal background for scientific and exotic romanticism, offering a suitable setting for novels and tales.
The core question crossed paths with the contemporary early 20th century debate raging on about the evolutionary theory. The study of Mars moved from astronomy to extraterrestrial physiology, biology, meteorology and geography: astronomical images then became imaginary portraits of Martians and artificial Martian landscapes.
In the traditions of narrative ethics and casuistry, stories have a well-established role. Specifically, illness narratives provide insight into patients' perspectives and histories. However, because they tend to see fiction as an aesthetic endeavour, practitioners in these traditions often do not realize that fictional stories are valuable moral sources of their own. In this paper I employ two arguments to show the mutual relationship between bioethics and fiction , specifically, science fiction.
First, both discourses use imagination to set a scene and determine a perspective. Second, bioethics and science fiction share the family resemblance of expressing moral beliefs. I then consider how understanding bioethics and science fiction as interrelated discourses can be the basis of a methodology for inquiry into relational autonomy in the context of biotechnologies and medicine. The paper examines science fiction literature as a product and part of the social consciousness of the modern capitalist world order.
This world order is seen as emphasizing science , technology, movement, growth, urbanization, industrialization, complex organization, and progress. The document is organized into two sections. The first section…. This book demonstrates how to specifically pair a fiction and nonfiction book of the same theme and package them with copies of question and activity sheets to provide students with take-home learning packets for independent learning and family use.
For each grade level in K-3, 15 topic areas are explored through two books with a common theme. Traumaculture and Telepathetic Cyber Fiction. The CD-ROMexists as a contemporary artwork and published interactive hardcover book authored by painter and new-media visual artist Suzanne Treister. The artwork incorporates Treister's paintings, writing, photoshop, animation, video and audio work with narrative structures taken from world history, the history of psychoanalysis, futurist science and science fiction , family history and biography.
Associations of young-old age with successful aging have contributed to relegating negatively perceived aspects of aging to very old age. This has prompted the formation of the social imaginary of the fourth age. Re-examinations of the fourth age foreground the diversity of aging experiences among the oldest old.
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In this sense, literature is in a privileged position to contribute individual narratives of aging to this field. The main aim of this article is to analyze Irish writer Jennifer Johnston's later fiction and how particularly two of her later fictional works contribute a nuanced re-examination of the fourth age through the narrativization of individual aging experiences of the oldest old in the contemporary Irish context. The work of sociologists and social theorists on re-examinations of the fourth age functions as the framework to analyze the selected fictional texts.
The analysis of the oldest old characters in Truth or Fiction and Naming the Stars shows the contribution of literary texts to rethinking the fourth age as a time characterized by the inextricable combination of gains and losses, with emphasis on the diversity of the aging experiences of the oldest old and on the importance of sociocultural influence on individual aging.
Combining longitudinal analyses with case studies, such as the ones suggested by these fictional texts, can provide a more accurate knowledge of the experience of advanced old age and the fourth age. Gedanken fictions. The 14 pairs of short story and essay in Thought X: Fictions and Hypotheticals have at their root the concept that thought experiments in science and philosophy tell stories as they build a scenario to prove a point.
The analyses in this part focus on the extent to which mature scientific thought embodies open-mindedness, with pluralism and competition between perspectives as central themes. C2 The current scientific canon and its associated methodology provide research with strong directionality, often against popular currents. C3 Current science does marginalize some views dear to many people.
The psychologist, the psychoanalyst and the 'extraordinary child' in postwar British science fiction. A sudden influx of portrayals of 'extraordinary children' emerged in British science fiction after the Second World War. Such children both violated and confirmed the new set of expectations about ordinary childhood that emerged from the findings of developmental psychologists around the same time.
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Previous work on extraordinary children in both science fiction and horror has tended to confine the phenomenon to an 'evil child boom' within the American filmmaking industry in the s. This article suggests that a much earlier trend is visible in British postwar science fiction texts, analysing a cluster of novels that emerged in the s: Arthur C. It will be argued that the groups of extraordinary children in these novels both tap into newer child-centred assertions about the threats posed by abnormal childhood, underwritten by psychology and psychoanalysis, and represent a reaction to an older progressive tradition in which children were envisaged as the single hope for a utopian future.
This article will ultimately assert that the sudden appearance of extraordinary children in science fiction reflects a profound shift in assessment criteria for healthy childhood in Britain from the s onwards, an issue that had become vitally important in a fledgling social democracy. For the student of American politics as well as for the student of Brazilian literature and culture, a close reading of a year old Brazilian science fiction novel could provide some insights into the ongoing presidential campaign in the United States.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the thoughts, feelings, and beliefs held by teacher candidates TCs regarding the integration of fictional literature into elementary science instruction. Data were collected in the forms of a Q sort completed by two sections of TCs as an in-class activity, demographics and background information…. Miscellaneous Publication This booklet discusses the development of science fiction , tracing its origins to the time of the industrial revolution.
Many of the people of this time realized that life was changing and would continue to change, that there were new forces at work in the world, and that humankind should exercise some forethought about the direction in which…. General semantics and science fiction are disciplines that can be incorporated in lectures for public speaking and other speech communication classes.
Alfred Korzybski's theories of general semantics lend themselves to researching, preparing, delivering interpersonal communication messages, and establishing student interest in foreign languages,…. The American cultural and political landscape has seen changes on the level of seismic shifts in the past four decades, thanks in part to the two very diverse fields of big business and biotechnology.
Linking the two arenas together in the literary landscape is a growing body of young adult science fiction that envisions a future shaped profoundly…. Science fiction and human enhancement: radical life-extension in the movie 'In Time' In this debate, some advocate examining science fiction stories to elucidate the ethical issues regarding the current phenomenon of human enhancement. Stories from science fiction seem well suited to analyze biomedical advances, providing some possible case studies.
Of particular interest is the work of screenwriter Andrew Niccol Gattaca, S1m0ne, In Time, and Good Kill , which often focuses on ethical questions raised by the use of new technologies. Examining the movie In Time , the aim of this paper is to show how science fiction can contribute to the ethical debate of human enhancement. In Time provides an interesting case study to explore what could be some of the consequences of radical life-extension technologies.
In this paper, we will show how arguments regarding radical life-extension portrayed in this particular movie differ from what is found in the scientific literature. We will see how In Time gives flesh to arguments defending or rejecting radical life-extension. It articulates feelings of unease, alienation and boredom associated with this possibility.
Finally, this article will conclude that science fiction movies in general, and In Time in particular, are a valuable resource for a broad and comprehensive debate about our coming future. The s and s were a period which saw great popular interest in radiation and radioactivity in America, and the establishment of a new genre of pulp literature, science fiction.
Radiation was prevalent in American popular culture at the time, and sf stories were dependent upon radiation for much of their color and excitement. In this case…. The introspectometer was a "hypothetical machine" Robert K. Merton introduced in the course of a how-to manual describing an actual research technique, the focused interview. This technique, in turn, formed the basis of wartime morale research and consumer behavior studies as well as perhaps the most ubiquitous social science tool, the focus group.
This essay explores a new perspective on Cold War social science made possible by comparing two kinds of apparatuses: one real, the other imaginary. Even as Merton explored the nightmare potential of such machines, he suggested that the clear aim of social science was to build them or their functional equivalent: recording machines to access a person's experiential stream of reality, with the ability to turn this stream into real-time data.
In this way, the introspectometer marks and symbolizes a broader entry during the Cold War of science-fiction -style aspirations into methodological prescriptions and procedural manuals. This essay considers the growth of the genre of methodological visions and revisions, painstakingly argued and absorbed, but punctuated by sci-fi aims to transform "the human" and build newly penetrating machines. It also considers the place of the nearly real-, and the artificial "near-substitute" as part of an experimental urge that animated these sciences.
Student Enrichment Materials. Contemporary Science is a program designed to provide non-academic disaffected students as well as college-bound high school students with a meaningful and positive educational experience in science in order to bridge the gap between science and the citizen in a technological world.
The program, designed as a full year elective course, involves…. In a recent survey, I have identified 21 living professional astronomers who write science fiction , plus a yet uncounted number of physicists. Many of the science fiction stories by this group involve, as you might imagine, reasonable extrapolation from current scientific ideas and discoveries. These stories, some of which are available free on the Web or are collected in inexpensive anthologies, represented a method of astronomy outreach to which relatively little attention has been paid.
I will list the authors identified in the survey and provide a representative list of their stories or novels, organized by astronomical topic. I will also discuss how written SF and SF films based on ideas by scientists, such as Kip Thorne's "Interstellar" can be used in general education classes and public programs. Scientists do not need to cede the field to wizards, dragons, and zombies! Note: The author is included in the list of 21, having published two short stories in two different anthologies recently. Social acceleration and the network effect: a defence of social ' science fiction ' and network determinism.
This essay is a response to Judy Wajcman's essay 'Life in the fast lane? Towards a sociology of technology and time' In that article Wajcman argued that recent developments in the sociology of temporal change had been marked by a tendency in social theory towards a form of ' science fiction '--a sociological theorizing, she maintains, that bears no real relation to actual, empirically provable developments in the field and should therefore be viewed as not contributing to 'a richer analysis of the relationship between technology and time' This reply argues that as Wajcman suggests in her essay, there is indeed an 'urgent need for increased dialogue to connect social theory with detailed empirical studies' 59 but that the most fruitful way to proceed would not be through a constraining of ' science fiction ' social theorizing but, rather, through its expansion--and more, that ' science fiction ' should take the lead in the process.
This essay suggests that the connection between social theory and empirical studies would be strengthened by a wider understanding of the function of knowledge and research in the context of what is termed 'true originality' and 'routine originality'. The former is the domain of social theory and the latter resides within traditional sociological disciplines.
It is argued that both need each other to advance our understanding of society, especially in the context of the fast-changing processes of technological development. The example of 'technological determinism' is discussed as illustrative of how 'routine originality' can harden into dogma without the application of 'true originality' to continually question sometimes through ideas that may appear to border on ' science fiction ' comfortable assumptions that may have become 'routine' and shorn of their initial 'originality'. This paper discusses a college-level course on contemporary topics in science offered to non- science majors at the State University College of New York.
The authors examine the objectives, methods, and various student groupings utilized in the course, investigate why it has been successful, and make recommendations for courses of this nature. Popular science publishing in contemporary China. Since the s China's popular science publishing has been the business of the government, and subject to its will. China adopted a system of planned economies, as the Soviet Union did, until the s when a policy of reform and opening-up was adopted.
During the period of the planned economies, popular science publishing was not a commercial but a governmental enterprise. More than million copies of the most representative publication of this period, One Hundred Thousand Whys, have been distributed. The Unmoved Mover Series of the s was a milestone in the new era. What is significant about this series is that it broke through the prevailing mode of science -popularization as 'serving for industrial and agricultural production, serving for ideology'.
China's popular science publishing has its defects, genetically and culturally. In an age of marketization, popular science books are frequently applauded by the experts, but not enjoyed by general readers. The oblique perspective: philosophical diagnostics of contemporary life sciences research. This paper indicates how continental philosophy may contribute to a diagnostics of contemporary life sciences research, as part of a "diagnostics of the present" envisioned by continental thinkers, from Hegel up to Foucault. First, I describe as a "practicing" philosopher various options for an oblique or symptomatic reading of emerging scientific discourse, bent on uncovering the basic "philosophemes" of science i.
Subsequently, I outline a number of radical transformations occurring both at the object-pole and at the subject-pole of the current knowledge relationship, namely the technification of the object and the anonymisation or collectivisation of the subject, under the sway of automation, ICT and big machines. Finally, I further elaborate the specificity of the oblique perspective with the help of Lacan's theorem of the four discourses.
Philosophical reflections on contemporary life sciences concur neither with a Master's discourse which aims to strengthen the legitimacy and credibility of canonical sources , nor with university discourse which aims to establish professional expertise , nor with what Lacan refers to as hysterical discourse which aims to challenge representatives of the power establishment , but rather with the discourse of the analyst, listening with evenly-poised attention to the scientific files in order to bring to the fore the cupido sciendi i.
This contribution uses the literary form of science fiction in retrospect, in order to display the initial conditions given in the run-up of the founding of the astro-department of the Zeiss factory. Their contributions to the discussion yield a market analysis, based on the past development of the technology of astronomical instruments, the international competitors' state of the art, and the assessment of the future development in astronomy and especially of astrophysics.
The contribution presents a piece of modern history of the year ; it was presented as a talk on May 13 of the same year, when Rolf Riekher celebrated his 65th birthday. This essay explains the relevance of critique in rural education to novels about rural places. The most important quoted passage in the essay is from the noted physicist Richard Feynman: " Science is the belief in the ignorance of experts.
Snow, historian Henry Adams, and poet and student-of-mathematics Kelly Cherry also…. Forensic fictions : science , television production, and modern storytelling. This essay uses interviews with television creators, writers, and producers to examine how media practitioners utilise, negotiate and transform forensic science in the production of televisual stories including the creation of unique visuals, character exploration, narrative progression, plot complication, thematic development, and adding a sense of authenticity.
Television as a medium has its own structures and conventions, including adherence to a show's franchise, which put constraints on how stories are told. I demonstrate how television writers find forensic science to be an ideal tool in navigating television's narrative constraints by using forensics to create conflicts, new obstacles, potential solutions, and final solutions in their stories. I show how television writers utilise forensic science to provide the scientific certainty their characters require to catch the criminal, but also how uncertainty is introduced in a story through the interpretation of the forensics by the show's characters.
I also argue that televisual storytellers maintain a flexible notion of scientific realism based on the notion of possibility that puts them at odds with scientists who take a more demanding conception of scientific accuracy based on the concept of probability. Published by Elsevier Ltd. The science of human factors: separating fact from fiction. Background Interest in human factors has increased across healthcare communities and institutions as the value of human centred design in healthcare becomes increasingly clear.
However, as human factors is becoming more prominent, there is growing evidence of confusion about human factors science , both anecdotally and in scientific literature. Some of the misconceptions about human factors may inadvertently create missed opportunities for healthcare improvement. Methods The objective of this article is to describe the scientific discipline of human factors and provide common ground for partnerships between healthcare and human factors communities.
Results The primary goal of human factors science is to promote efficiency, safety and effectiveness by improving the design of technologies, processes and work systems. As described in this article, human factors also provides insight on when training is likely or unlikely to be effective for improving patient safety. Finally, we outline human factors specialty areas that may be particularly relevant for improving healthcare delivery and provide examples to demonstrate their value. Conclusions The human factors concepts presented in this article may foster interdisciplinary collaborations to yield new, sustainable solutions for healthcare quality and patient safety.
In the novel and the movie, it is the landing site of a crewed mission named Ares 3. A second one was taken May 17, , and is shown here. Figure 1 is a stereo combination of the two, appearing three-dimensional when viewed through blue-red glasses with the red lens on the left One of the main objectives of the HiRISE camera is to carry out "monitoring science ", which involves taking images of certain areas of high scientific interest on regular intervals.
The team usually does so to monitor a seasonal or recurring process such as seasonal changes in carbon-dioxide ice near the poles, dune movement or recurring flow-like features on some slopes. HiRISE also takes repeated images of areas with active rovers, such as Curiosity, to help plan safe routes toward areas of high scientific interest. Another key responsibility for the HiRISE camera is to provide information for use in selection of landing sites for future missions.
One technique is to image a site of interest at least twice when the weather conditions are similar, but with a small difference in viewing angle, much like what you would experience if you looked at something with only your right eye, then looked at it again with the left. By doing this, we are able to build a stereo view of the site, providing a chance to identify high and low points in the site more effectively. This resulting 3-D information can combined with elevation data from laser altimeters to create a.
Responding to concerns that engineering is a poorly understood occupation and that young people are exposed to stereotyped images of scientists and engineers at an early age, this investigation sought to identify how science and engineering is portrayed in contemporary junior fiction ages and to what extent. An examination of 4, junior…. Collaboration, interdisciplinarity, and the epistemology of contemporary science.
Over the last decades, science has grown increasingly collaborative and interdisciplinary and has come to depart in important ways from the classical analyses of the development of science that were developed by historically inclined philosophers of science half a century ago. In this paper, I shall provide a new account of the structure and development of contemporary science based on analyses of, first, cognitive resources and their relations to domains, and second of the distribution of cognitive resources among collaborators and the epistemic dependence that this distribution implies.
On this background I shall describe different ideal types of research activities and analyze how they differ. Finally, analyzing values that drive science towards different kinds of research activities, I shall sketch the main mechanisms underlying the perceived tension between disciplines and interdisciplinarity and argue for a redefinition of accountability and quality control for interdisciplinary and collaborative science.
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All rights reserved. Research briefing on contemporary problems in plasma science. An overview is presented of the broad perspective of all plasma science. Detailed discussions are given of scientific opportunities in various subdisciplines of plasma science. The first subdiscipline to be discussed is the area where the contemporary applications of plasma science are the most widespread, low temperature plasma science.
Opportunities for new research and technology development that have emerged as byproducts of research in magnetic and inertial fusion are then highlighted. Then follows a discussion of new opportunities in ultrafast plasma science opened up by recent developments in laser and particle beam technology. Next, research that uses smaller scale facilities is discussed, first discussing non-neutral plasmas, and then the area of basic plasma experiments. Discussions of analytic theory and computational plasma physics and of space and astrophysical plasma physics are then presented.
Long-neglected by scholars, the pulp science fiction SF magazines of the Gernsback era are due for re-examination. Presumed to be sub-literary stories for boys or, paradoxically, escapist leisure reading for practicing scientists and technicians, the SF from this period is actually neither. It is a powerful resource for understanding the ways ordinary people engaged with the promise and peril of industrial modernity.
Published by a passionate entrepreneur seeking fame and fortune, composed by writers paid piecework rates and read by young science and technology enthusiasts aspiring to authentic remunerative work, the earliest pulp SF necessarily provoked inter-class discussions about labor, management, production and consumption.
Possibilities for a different form of education have provided rich sources of inspiration for science fiction writers. These visions sometimes engage with technologies that are currently…. This dissertation investigates the implementation issues and the educational opportunities associated with "taking the practice turn" in science education. This pedagogical shift focuses instructional experiences on engaging students in the epistemic practices of science both to learn the core ideas of the disciplines, as well as to gain an understanding of and personal connection to the scientific enterprise.
In Chapter 2, I examine the teacher-researcher co-design collaboration that supported the classroom implementation of a year-long, project-based biology curriculum that was under development. This study explores the dilemmas that arose when teachers implemented a new intervention and how the dilemmas arose and were managed throughout the collaboration of researchers and teachers and between the teachers. In the design-based research of Chapter 3, I demonstrate how students' engagement in epistemic practices in contemporary science investigations supported their conceptual development about genetics.
The analysis shows how this involved a complex interaction between the scientific, school and community practices in students' lives and how through varied participation in the practices students come to write about and recognize how contemporary investigations can give them leverage for science -based action outside of the school setting. Finally, Chapter 4 explores the characteristics of learning environments for supporting the development of scientific practice-linked identities. Specific features of the learning environmentaccess to the intellectual work of the domain, authentic roles and accountability, space to make meaningful contributions in relation to personal interests, and practice-linked identity resources that arose from interactions in the learning settingsupported learners in stabilizing practice-linked science identities through their engagement in contemporary scientific practices.
This set of studies shows that providing students with the. Hubert Airy, contemporary men of science and the migraine aura. Although there had been occasional references to the visual aura of migraine even in ancient medicine, little attention was given to the phenomenon until the first half of the nineteenth century when French authors began to describe it. In the medicine of English-speaking countries, apart from a few descriptions, it went largely unnoticed until the British Astronomer Royal, Sir George Airy, described his own experience of the visual aura in Five years later his son, Hubert Airy, also described his experience of it and that of a number of eminent contemporary men of science.
The topic of the migraine aura was almost immediately taken up by two of the younger Airy's contemporaries and fellow Cambridge medical graduates, Peter Wallrock Latham and Edward Liveing, in their monographs. Subsequently, migraine with aura quickly became a well-recognised clinical entity in British medicine. Drug delivery interfaces in the 21st century: from science fiction ideas to viable technologies. Early science fiction envisioned the future of drug delivery as targeted micrometer-scale submarines and "cyborg" body parts. Here we describe the progression of the field toward technologies that are now beginning to capture aspects of this early vision.
We discuss the unmet clinical needs that inspire these designs, the physiological factors that pose difficult challenges for their realization, and viable technologies that promise robust solutions. We also offer a perspective on where drug delivery may be in the next 50 years based on expected advances in material engineering and in the context of future diagnostics. Towards a structure of feeling: abjection and allegories of disease in science fiction 'mutation' films. This article considers differences between the representation of mutation in science fiction films from the s and the present, and identifies distinctive changes over this time period, both in relation to the narrative causes of genetic disruption and in the aesthetics of its visual display.
Discerning an increasingly abject quality to science fiction mutations from the s onwards-as a progressive tendency to view the physically opened body, one that has a seemingly fluid interior-exterior reversal, or one that is almost beyond recognition as humanoid-the article connects a propensity for disgust to the corresponding socio-cultural and political zeitgeist. Specifically, it suggests that such imagery is tied to a more expansive 'structure of feeling', proposed by Raymond Williams and emergent since the s, but gathering momentum in later decades, that reflects an 'opening up' of society in all its visual, socio-cultural and political configurations.
Expressly, it parallels a change from a repressive, patriarchal society that constructed medicine as infallible and male doctors as omnipotent to one that is generally more liberated, transparent and equitable. Engaging theoretically with the concept of a 'structure of feeling', and critically with scientific, cinematic and cultural discourses, two posts' 'mutation' films, The Fly and District 9 , are considered in relation to their pres' predecessors, and their aesthetics related to the perceptions and articulations of the medical profession at their respective historic moments, locating such instances within a broader medico-political canvas.
Learning geosciences from science fictions movies: A quantitative analysis of Pando-magnetism in Avatar. Many storylines presenting a geoscientific background are portrayed in science fiction movies. However, this background is often discussed only in qualitative terms in outreach books and forums. Here we report a mentoring experience of an end of degree project carried out in the fourth year of the degree in Physics in the Complutense University of Madrid Spain. The supervisors intended to take advantage of the students' passion for science fiction movies to foster learning by assessing a robust, quantitative and critical analysis of the main geoscientific phenomena appearing in Avatar movie by James Cameron The student was supposed to consult abundant scientific literature.
Much interest was paid to analyze the conditions for the levitation of Hallelujah floating mountains in Pandora, the imaginary satellite where the movie action takes place. Pandora was assumed to be an Earth-like astronomical object where the same physical laws as in the Earth could be applied. Hallelujah Mountains are made of unobtanium, an electrical superconductor at room-temperature and therefore diamagnetic material and they are assumed to be located over a magnetic field pole.
The numerical values of the magnetic susceptibility and the required field to make the material levitate at the Pandora's gravity conditions were estimated. Help Centre. My Wishlist Sign In Join. Children's Fiction.
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